20 tips for a more nature in the garden
A more natural and animal-friendly garden does not have to be a messy or unmanageable project.
Maybe you dream that a walk in to your garden will feel a little more like walking in the nature. You can easily create a more natural and animal-friendly garden – without it having to be cluttered and unmanageable.
You do not have to have a large garden to have a richer plant and animal life. Some of the tips for choosing plants can even be transferred to the balcony. If your neighbours also agree with the idea of having more nature in the garden, it can attract even more animals.
Here we have 20 good tips for creating a more natural and animal-friendly garden. You can choose from the following tips – depending on how much diversity you want in your garden.
20 Tips For a Wild & Natural Garden
1. Think of your garden as three layers of plants on top of each other:
- An upper layer with larger and smaller trees.
- A second layer consisting of shrubs.
- Another layer consisting of a base with perennials, herbs, summer flowers and bulbous plants.
2. Take a starting point in the landscape you are otherwise surrounded by coast, plantations, forests, etc. and look at what plant types are found in the landscape in advance. Also consider the soil type – sand or clay – when choosing plants.
3. Choose insect and animal friendly plants, such as deer, native American mint, thistle ball, wheel crown, butterfly bush, snow ornament and Easter bells.
4. Plant many different plant species so that you get as many plant experiences as possible and minimize the risk of plant diseases.
5. Plant hardy and native plants – that is, plants that are native or naturally occurring in your location and are not imported from abroad – or plants that are closely related.
6. Choose plants with both berries and fruits, flowers and colours. It can be paradise apple, elder, cherry dogwood, roe, medlar and hazel. Berries and fruits create a rich bird life, while for example hazel attracts squirrels and other rodents. In addition, a conifer such as pine will provide cones and thus seeds for both birds and rodents.
7. Plant in many different sizes and preferably in odd numbers, so you get the most natural look.8. Utilise climbing plants. They create a visual connection between the upper and lower plant layers in the garden when vertical plants direct your gaze upwards.
9. Shrink the trimmed lawn and leave other areas of grass uncut and tall – here you can also make an onion lawn.
10. So possibly. grasslands with flower mixtures that can give the character of a flower meadow.
11. Make sure your garden contains both sunny and shady areas and what lies in between. There are often larger trees that cast shadows, and this can add an extra dimension to the garden as if you were coming out of the forest for a clearing. In addition, it opens up for greater diversity of both plants and animals.
12. Do not use pesticides, and measure fertiliser consumption against the plants that need it. A layer of compost every spring for the well-established plants also keeps the earth’s micro-life going.
13. Make sure there is water in the garden in the form of places with water where the birds can swim, streams and garden ponds. You can possibly recycle rainwater.
14. Set up bird boxes, or make an insect nest or insect hotel.
15. Make a small corner with its own wildness in the form of a small group of nettles – it loves butterflies.
16. Recycle garden waste in your own country. Use branches for hedges, place leaves under shrubs and trees, recycle rainwater for irrigation or a garden pond with overflow for rain beds.
17. Tree stumps and pieces of wood can serve as posts, edges for beds or for wooden stacks as installations in the garden.
18. Create habitats for the animals – including butterflies, hedgehogs and birds – such as hedges, woodpiles, piles of rocks or mountain dikes.
19. Leave tree stumps, or leave dead branches or twigs. It can be used as a housing for the insects, and it will lead to a richer bird life as the birds will hunt the insects. Microorganisms and fungi will also benefit from the dead elements.
20. You can also make piles or layers of leaves under shrubs.
Translated and edited from an article by : Julie Trolle Boding
Source : https://www.bolius.dk/